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Zimbabwe Debuts Gold Coins as Legal Tender

John Mangudya, head of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, told reporters in Harare on July 25, 2022, the coins are designed to reduce demand for U.S. dollars in the country.
John Mangudya, head of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, told reporters in Harare on July 25, 2022, the coins are designed to reduce demand for U.S. dollars in the country.

AP- Zimbabwe on Monday launched gold coins to be sold to the public in a bid to tame runaway inflation that has further eroded the country’s unstable currency.

The unprecedented move was announced by the country's central bank, the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, to boost confidence in the local currency.

The central bank disbursed 2,000 coins to commercial banks on Monday.

The first batch of the coins was minted outside the country but eventually they will be produced locally, according to the governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, John Mangudya.

The coins can be used for purchases in shops, depending on whether the shop has enough change, he said.

Trust in Zimbabwe's currency is low after people saw their savings wiped out by hyperinflation in 2008 which reached five billion per cent, according to the IMF.

With strong memories of that disastrous inflation, many Zimbabweans today prefer to scramble on the illegal market for scarce US dollars to keep at home as savings or for daily transactions.

Faith in Zimbabwe's currency is already so low that many retailers don't accept it.

"By introducing the gold coins government is providing an alternative store value which should help to moderate the very high demand for the US dollar," said Zimbabwean economist Prosper Chitambara.

Any individual or company can buy the coins from authorised outlets such as banks and can keep the coins at a bank or take them home, according to an announcement by the country’s central bank.

Foreigners can only buy the coins in foreign currency, said the central bank.

Called Mosi-oa-Tunya, which in the local Tonga language refers to Victoria Falls, the coins "will have liquid asset status, that is, it will be capable of being easily converted to cash, and will be tradable locally and internationally. The coin may also be used for transactional purposes," said the central bank.

People holding the coins can only trade them for cash after 180 days from the date of buying, the bank said.

The coins, each weighing one troy ounce with a purity of 22 carats, can also be used as security for loans and credit facilities, said the central bank.

The price of the coins will be determined by the international market rate for an ounce of gold, plus 5% for the cost of producing the coin.

At the time of the launch Monday, the cost of Mosi oa Tunya coin was 1823.80 US dollars.

AP video shot by Pindai Dube


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