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Monday 10 August 2020

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FILE - Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses mourners at the burial of Zimbabwean minister Perence Shiri, who died of Covid-19, during his burial in Harare, July, 31, 2020.

“The divisive falsehoods and concoctions by renegades and supremacists who want to pounce on our natural resources will never win the day. Truth shall triumph over lies, and good over evil."

HARARE (Reuters) - Zimbabwe’s President Emmerson Mnangagwa on Monday called criticism of human rights abuses by his government “divisive falsehoods” and said his administration was under renewed attack from domestic and foreign opponents.

Mnangagwa, during a Heroes Day speech in Harare, said the allegations were “unjustified attacks by our perennial detractors, both inside and outside our border”.

“The divisive falsehoods and concoctions by renegades and supremacists who want to pounce on our natural resources will never win the day. Truth shall triumph over lies, and good over evil,” said Mnangagwa, who replaced Robert Mugabe after a 2017 coup.

Hopes that Mnangagwa would unite a polarised country and revive a stricken economy following the Mugabe era have been dashed. Like his predecessor, Mnangagwa accuses the West of funding the opposition to destabilise the country.

Human rights groups and lawyers say activists are being arrested, abducted and tortured after they called for street demonstrations on July 31, which the government snuffed out by deploying security forces.

The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change says about 30 of its members have fled their homes fearing abduction or arrest by state security agents.

The events in Zimbabwe have worried South Africa enough that President Cyril Ramaphosa send two veteran politicians Sydney Mufamadi and Baleka Mbete to Harare.

The envoys arrived on Monday and were expected to meet Mnangagwa later in the day, a government official said.

Critics also say Mnangagwa is using the cover of a COVID-19 lockdown to silence critics as anger grows over 737% inflation - which has brought back memories of hyperinflation under Mugabe a decade ago - a collapsing health sector and shortage of public transport.

Mnangagwa, however, said his government had set a firm foundation “for a thriving constitutional democracy, and a just, open, accountable and prosperous society”.

Reporting by MacDonald Dzirutwe; Editing by Angus MacSwan

Zimbabwe Journalist Hopewell Chin'ono and Transform Zimbabwe Leader Jacob Ngarivhume

“The Officer in Charge of Harare Remand Prison confirmed to the legal practitioners that he had received instructions from 'above' pertaining to the transfer.”

The Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR) says it is concerned about the treatment of freelance journalist Hopewell Chin’ono and Jacob Ngarivhume, leader of Transform Zimbabwe, who are currently detained at Chikurubi Maximum Prison.

According to the lawyers group, on Saturday ZLHR lawyers Roselyn Hanzi, Beatrice Mtetwa and Moses Nkomo visited their clients, Chin’ono and Ngarivhume at Chikurubi Maximum Prison, where they were moved to from Harare Remand Prison last Friday by Zimbabwe Prisons and Correctional Services (ZPCS) officials.

In a statement, the ZLHR said Chin’ono and Ngarivhume’s lawyers only came to know of the transfer of their clients late on Friday 7 August 2020 after they learnt from independent sources that the duo had been strip searched, shackled in leg irons and eventually moved at night to Chikurubi Maximum Prison. This transfer had not been communicated formally to Chin’ono and Ngarivhume’s legal practitioners beforehand.

“The Officer in Charge of Harare Remand Prison confirmed to the legal practitioners that he had received instructions from 'above' pertaining to the transfer.”

The ZLHR said when Chin’ono and Ngarivhume’s lawyers visited their clients on Saturday, they were denied access to consult the two prisoners in private with ZPCS insisting that they be present during any consultations or be within earshot of the discussions involving the two detainees.

“The ZPCS officials could not entertain arguments by lawyers that they had previously visited other clients and had been allowed that privacy because in terms of the law, communication between a lawyer and client is privileged and confidential.

“But the prison officers advised Chin’ono and Ngarivhume’s lawyers that they had direct orders not to allow lawyers to consult with clients if they could not hear the discussions and that section 140(6) of the Commissioner-General’s Standing Order Part VII Visits and Communication did not allow this. The Commissioner-General’s Standing Orders are in direct violation of section 50(5)(b) of the Constitution, which provides that ‘any person who is detained, including a sentenced prisoner, has the right at their own expense, to consult in private with a legal practitioner of their choice, and to be informed of this right promptly’.”

ZLHR also learnt that Chin’ono and Ngarivhume were not provided with jerseys while in detention as prison officers advised that they did not have any more jerseys in stock.

“Although the two prisoners’ lawyers sought permission to bring in warm clothes as ZPCS has no jerseys, this request was turned down with prison officers insisting that only the red and white prison jersey is allowed and that lawyers have to source the jerseys for the clients.

“It took a lot of haggling between the lawyers and prison officers for them to allow Chin’ono and Ngarivhume to have access to food which had been brought by their lawyers as their ZPCS kitchen had closed with the ZPCS officials insisting that home-prepared food was not permitted because of the outbreak of coronavirus.”

The ZLHR said of is the welfare of Chin’ono and Ngarivhume who have been left with no access to food as the two do not eat sadza for medical reasons but they were advised that ZPCS only serves sadza in prison. “Because both Chin’ono and Ngarivhume are on medication, they would need access to a balanced diet while in prison.

“The blatant and malicious stripping away of the two prisoners’ basic rights including the right to give instructions to lawyers of their choice in private is unconstitutional. The harsh treatment of Chin’ono and Ngarivhume undermines the presumption of innocence.”

The ZLHR said of great concern too is the “undermining and obstruction of legal practitioners who are merely attempting to protect their clients’ fundamental rights and perform their professional duties.”

The ZLHR urged ZPCS authorities to uphold constitutional provisions which guarantee fundamental rights of arrested and detained persons, including Zimbabwe’s regional and international obligations on rights of detainees. These include the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights.

More than 60 people have been detained and others brutalized following a public protest that was thwarted by state security agents on July 31. Some political activists have gone into hiding in fear of being victimized. Others have already fled Zimbabwe.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa recently said his government is fighting against terrorists, who wanted to topple him.

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