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In a show of force to discourage anti-government protests, Zimbabwe police with water cannons patrolled the capital's streets and warned residents “you will rot in jail” if they participate in the demonstrations planned for Friday.

Six anti-government activists have been abducted and tortured this week ahead of the protests, as tensions rise over Zimbabwe's deteriorating economic conditions, according to human rights groups.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa urged the opposition to engage in dialogue, but at the same time his government is pushing for parliament to quickly adopt new security legislation criticized as repressive.

The main opposition Movement for Democratic Change party said it will roll out “peaceful” protests starting this week to try to force Mnangagwa to set up a transitional authority to address economic problems and organize credible elections. The protests will spread to other cities next week, the opposition said.

Teams of police officers searched vehicles at checkpoints on roads leading into the city. Police said the protests are likely to be violent, and warned people to stay away.

“Do not take part, you will rot in jail” shouted police officers using megaphones in downtown Harare and some residential areas.

“Intelligence and concrete evidence on the ground has revealed that indeed these so-called peaceful demonstrations will turn out to be violent,” said police spokesman Paul Nyathi in a statement Thursday.
“Security services will not fold hands and allow violence, destruction of poverty, intimidation, threats and clandestine night acts of violent agitation to take center stage,” said Nyathi. He claimed police had recovered “a substantial quantity of granite stones and catapults (slingshots)'” that were to be used in the protests.

Zimbabwe's economic turmoil and deteriorating services are blamed for the rise in political tensions. From the hope that swept across the country following the forced resignation of repressive ruler Robert Mugabe in November 2017, Zimbabwe has returned to widespread resentment and fear, according to government critics and residents.

President Emmerson Mnangagwa, 77, came to power with promises of sweeping political and economic reforms. But now his government is widely viewed as an extension of Mugabe's economic mismanagement and even more heavy-handed on security, according to human rights groups.

Inflation soared to a decade-high 175% before the finance minister suspended the announcement of inflation statistics last month. Power cuts are lasting 19 hours per day, debilitating water shortages are forcing people to spend nights waiting in lines at wells while about a third of Zimbabwe's 15 million people are in dire need of food aid, according to aid agencies.

As the economy deteriorates and opposition to his rule intensifies, Mnangagwa's government is increasingly resorting to what critics say are strong-arm tactics.

Mnangagwa's ruling ZANU-PF party, which holds a majority in parliament, is pushing through new security legislation - the Maintenance of Peace and Order Bill - which the opposition and human rights activists describe as very harsh. Parliament met through the night to pass the controversial legislation.

“It is just a photocopy of the law that was passed in South Africa by the apartheid regime,'' said opposition senator Gideon Shoko during debate of the legislation.

Ruling party members of parliament and the justice minister defended the proposed law as necessary to ensure peaceful demonstrations.

At the same time, Mnangagwa has publicly said he is open to dialogue.

“I reiterate my calls to all opposition leaders that my door remains open and my arms remain outstretched,'' said Mnangagwa on Twitter Thursday. ``Riots and destructive violence must be rejected; peaceful constructive dialogue are the way forward.”

But critics say his offer of talks is not genuine, pointing to what they say is increased repressive tactics.

The Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum, a coalition of rights groups, church organizations, student movements and labor groups on Thursday said that six people were ``abducted by suspected state security agents in the evening on 13 and 14 August and they have been severely tortured and left for dead.'' Those abducted were interrogated about the plans for the protest planned for Friday, said the rights group.

The government has denied any role in the alleged abductions and torture.

The U.S embassy in Harare expressed concern over ``renewed reports of abductions and assault of civil society members and opposition party members. Harassment and intimidation have no place in a democratic and pluralistic society. On Thursday, U.S ambassador to Zimbabwe Brian Nichols visited one of the injured activists in hospital observed his injuries, and listened to his story, according to an embassy tweet with a picture of the ambassador on the bedside of the activist.

Amnesty International Thursday accused Mnangagwa's administration of using some of the brutal tactics seen under the government of Robert Mugabe, said Muleya Mwananyanda, Amnesty International's deputy regional director for southern Africa. Instead of listening to protestors' concerns about the economy, the authorities have used torture and abduction to crush dissent and instill fear.

FILE - Residents collect water at night from an electric-powered well, as the country faces 18-hour daily power cuts, in a suburb of Harare, Zimbabwe, July 30, 2019.

Botswana is battling an influx of illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe, as the Zimbabwean government struggles to overcome a deep economic crisis. But authorities in Botswana appear to be losing the battle, as those who are deported are soon back in the country.

Prosper Kandanhamo and Thomas Gundani left Zimbabwe and entered Botswana illegally because of the moribund economy in their homeland.

“I came to Botswana because back home in Zimbabwe, there are no job opportunities,” Kandanhamo said.

The two are among the many illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe who line the streets of Gaborone looking for odd jobs.

Not so welcome

But they are an unwelcome sight for authorities and subject to frequent police raids.

The number of Zimbabweans arrested and deported in Botswana rose from 22,000 in 2015 to nearly 29,000 in 2018.

Kandanhamo, an accountant, says they are often caught.

“It’s better to be caught by the police,” he said. “At the (police) cells, they will give you food and transport to the border. They deport you, and you find your way back (rather) than to go back to Zimbabwe.”

Gundani, a painter, says they would rather risk arrest than return to face hardship in Zimbabwe.

“We just have to come back,” he said. “The situation here is difficult for us, but compared to Zimbabwe, it’s worse.”

Botswanan citizens like Moemedi Mokgachane say illegal immigrants contribute to rising crime and are demanding a solution.

“We take them back today, tomorrow they are here, because there is nothing to hide. There is nothing that can put them to stay where you are taking them. They will come back because they know there is a fruit here,” Mokgachane said.

Solution lies in Zimbabwe

Illegal immigration will persist as long as Zimbabwe’s economic crisis is not addressed, says Gaborone-based analyst Lawrence Ookeditse.

“For so long as economic and other opportunities are not quite there, people are going to move, and you can’t stop them from moving,” he said. “It is not nice going through a border hunted with guns and all those things. When you see people doing it, it means the cost of doing it is higher than the cost of staying.”

Botswana spends about $100,000 a year deporting Zimbabwean illegal immigrants.

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